Man has always been fascinated by Ocean. Fishing was the oldest method of subsistence earning. Currently fishing is not just about making a living, but now men are exploring the deep seas as a passion and as a sport , especially Deep Sea Fishing. Whether for fishing or fun, be sure to carry a jacket, sun-block cream, sun glasses, hat, cooler to bring home your catch, rubber shoes and rain cover, if necessary.I strongly suggest you to visit Charleston deep sea fishing charter to learn more about this.
A detailed knowledge of the methods and fishing equipment is required to be effective in deep-sea fishing. Over the years different methods of fishing have evolved. Fishers have no hesitation in seeking out new ideas. Innovative equipments are developed with the advancement of science and technology. Mechanizing the handling of gears has made the fishing simpler than ever. The fiber technology has improved vessel efficiency by making it lighter than the metallic ones. Through the aid of computers, navigation and fish identification have made fisheries less time consuming than before.
Numerous types of deep-sea fishing gear are in use all over the world to capture fish and other marine resources. Fishing equipment is graded according to the concept and the manner in which it is designed. Trawlers, nets, poles and strings, harpoons etc. are some of the modern day tools for deep-sea fishing.
Trawlers are boats which are connected to large trawl nets and pulled through the water. The trawl nets mesh size can be modified according to catch purpose and fish type. Bottom trawl mechanism is simple. The net’s mouth is open in horizontal and vertical directions and the net ‘s body directs the fish inside the trap. The fish is gathered at the cod end of the net, which has the appropriate mesh size. The use of cod ends with larger mesh size greatly decreases the mortality rates of fish fries in trawl nets.
Net is the principal fish catching device. Gill nets may be placed from the sea surface to the seabed at any point. Gill nets are considered the oldest net type and are in use all these years. Fish which tries to swim through this net is caught because only its head can pass through the net and not the rest of the body. It gets caught by the gills as the fish recedes.
Drift nets are another type of gill net, which can’t be fixed anywhere and drift with the current. It is used to capture a large variety of fish, such as tuna, squid, shark and salmon. Trammel nets are like a three-layer, net wall. There is a fine meshed net sandwiched between two bigger meshed networks.
Handlines can be run either from a moving vessel or from a stationary one. The fish caught by handlines are typically of very high quality because when carried on board the vessel the fish is alive. Long-lines are another form of fishing gear used for catching cods and tunas. Long-lines can be set for long distances and it is connected to many short lines that carry baited hooks. The size and variety of fish that is captured depend on the size of the hook and the variety of bait. It is the most fuel-efficient fishing method, since it covers a larger area in the sea.