Marijuana is also known as marijuana, grass, and weed, but cannabis is actually its official name. It comes from the Cannabis sativa plant’s leaves and flowers. In the US and several others, it is considered an illicit drug and possession of marijuana is a felony punishable by law. Marijuana, which has a very high potential for abuse and has no established medicinal application, is listed by the FDA as Schedule I. Several studies have stated over the years that certain drugs found in marijuana have medicinal use, especially in terminal diseases such as cancer and AIDS. This sparked a fierce debate about the benefits and drawbacks of the use of medical marijuana. The Institute of Medicine released a popular 1999 IOM study entitled Marijuana and Medicine: Evaluating the Scientific Base in order to settle this controversy. The study was thorough but did not include a straight cut yes or no answer. In their lobbying claims, the opposite camps of the medical marijuana dilemma also cite part of the study. However, while several details were explained in the report, it never resolved the dispute once and for all. Visit Ohio Green Team – Medical Marijuana Doctors & Recommendations.
Let’s look at the problems that justify why it should be allowed for medical marijuana.
(1) Marijuana is a naturally occurring herb that has been used for centuries as a herbal medicine from South America to Asia. In this day and age where essential health buzzwords are all natural and organic, a naturally occurring weed such as marijuana could be more desirable to consumers and safer than synthetic drugs.
(2) Cannabis has a high potential for rehabilitation. Several studies have shown, as outlined in the IOM study, that cannabis can be used as an analgesic to relieve pain, for example. A few studies have shown that THC, a component of marijuana, is successful in treating cancer patients with chronic pain. However there are inconclusive records of research on acute pain, such as those encountered during surgery and trauma. A few studies, also outlined in the IOM study, have shown that certain components of marijuana have antiemetic properties and are thus effective against nausea and vomiting, which are common side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer. Some researchers agree that the therapeutic potential of cannabis against neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis is assured. There is strong therapeutic potential for particular compounds derived from marijuana. It has been shown that cannobidiol (CBD), a major marijuana ingredient, has antipsychotic, anticancer and antioxidant properties. The prevention of high intraocular pressure (IOP), a significant risk factor for glaucoma, has been shown by other cannabinoids. The US FDA has approved medications that contain active ingredients found in marijuana but have been synthetically developed in the laboratory. One example is Marinol, an antiemetic agent indicated for cancer chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting. Its active ingredient is dronabinol, a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) synthetic delta-9.